• Product Size: 21" Dia 22" L x 10" W
The Quechua word for hat is ch’ullo. Hats are an important part of the Quechua men's traditions. The men knit all of their own ch’ullos. It is tradition that fathers knit their sons' first ch’ullo which can take up to a month to make. If not a good knitter, the father must trade for something with another man who is to obtain a well-made ch’ullo. The embellishing of garments with beads started in the 1980s, inspired by the embroidery work on vests and jackets. Knitting is known from the 16th century and the multi-colored intricately designed knitted hats, some made from handspun alpaca, particularly the ceremonial hats, are now laden with beads. One hat may have a kilo of white beads sewn on after knitting. These knitted hats are worn by men.
Q'ero Nation of Peru
The Q'ero Nation is located a one day ride on horseback from the road to Paucartambo in Cusco and is the oldest in the Inca Tradition. They live 4,300 meters high in the Peruvian Andes. They grow and eat potatoes, such as olluco and oca. Children between the ages of 7-14 attend school. Medical assistance is scarce. They work and live as a community of 800 or so people. They marry among themselves and have kept their customs alive since Incan times.
The main activity of the Q'ero, besides agriculture, is weaving. They use natural dyes for their wool. Their techniques and designs are considered to be the closest to those of their ancestors. Their weavings have been displayed at the Smithsonian Museum in Washington DC.
The Q'ero believe they are the last descendants of the Inca. According to tradition, their ancestors defended themselves from invading Spanish conquistadores with the aid of the local mountain deities (los Apus) which devastated the Spanish Army near Wiraquchapampa.
The religion of the Q'ero is syncretic, consisting of a mixture of European Christianity with elements of the traditional religion of the Andes. Shamans of different levels (e.g., Altumisayuq, Pampamisayuq) still have a high reputation. They worship Mother Nature (Pachamama) as well as other mountain spirits like Apu Ausangate and other regional deities.