• Product Size: 1.5" L x 10 or 13" H x 4.5" W
Shamans Market, Bolivia
The pan flute or pan pipe is an ancient musical instrument based on the principle of the closed tube, consisting usually of five or more pipes of gradually increasing length (and, at times, girth). The pan flute has long been popular as a folk instrument, and is considered the first mouth organ, ancestor of both the pipe organ and the harmonica. The pan flute is named for its association with the rustic Greek god Pan. The pipes of the pan flute are typically made from bamboo or giant cane; other materials used include wood, plastic, and metal. Called zampoña in Spanish, both curved and traditional South American variations are also very popular in Peruvian traditional groups and other Andean music. It is traditionally found all across the Andes, but is more typically associated with music from the Kollasuyo, or Aymara speaking regions around Lake Titicaca. The town of Walata is widely agreed as the original place where most wind instruments were born & they still continue to make these instruments today.
Prior to European colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire – the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The conquistadors took control of the region in the 16th century. During most of the Spanish colonial period, this territory was known as Upper Peru and was under the administration of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included most of Spain's South American colonies, although the area enjoyed substantial autonomy under the jurisdiction of the Royal Court of Charcas. After declaring independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on August 6, 1825. This image shows a llama in the Laguna Colorada, a shallow salt lake in the southwestern Bolivian sector of the Altiplano. Image courtesy of Phillie Casablanca.