Our Shaman smudge bowls are made in India from buffalo horn, which is a waste product. Buffalo are as highly regarded as cows in India and would never be killed for their horns, meat, hides, etc. Horns used to make our Shaman smudge bowls are only from animals that have died from natural causes. The unique designs on the bowls are imprinted using a heat process. Each bowl is unique, and colors vary. Sold individually.