Native American smudge incense sticks are used for purifying the atmosphere, dispersing negativity, protection. Smudges put out a lot of soothing smoke. Very refreshing, relaxing, clearing --- like traveling through the clouds. White sage from the coastal mountains of California is prized for its strong aromatic properties. White Sage has been used by Native Americans for thousands of years for cleansing, purifying ones self and others as well as an area of space through the technique of smudging. Rosemary is one of the oldest forms of incense. References to rosemary were found written in cuneiform on stone tablets dating back to the fifth millennium B.C.E. Rosemary is again and again mentioned throughout European history for it's properties of purification and its healing powers. Use rosemary for cleansing, consecration, peace of mind, release and all kinds of psychic, spiritual and even physical purification. It is believed to provide good luck, prevents theft, protection, help psychic development, psychic protection, purification, release, prevent nightmares. Rosemary is to bring happiness, love, memory, passion, bless weddings with fidelity, honesty, longevity, wisdom. To burn a smudge stick just light the tip, blow it out and either wave in air or place in a glass or metal container (one that will not burn) with sand or salt placed therein to hold the smudge upright. To extinguish, invert smudge into the sand or salt to smother.